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How to start a Duck Farm Business in Kenya

ByElijah Ludenyi

Mar 12, 2023
Duck Farming in Kenya

Last updated on March 2nd, 2024 at 05:54 pm

All about duck farming in Kenya

A duck farm is a specialized agricultural facility designed to raise ducks for their meat, eggs, or feathers. These farms can vary in size from small family-owned operations to large commercial enterprises that raise thousands of ducks.

Duck farming in Kenya requires specialized knowledge and equipment to ensure the health and welfare of the birds, as well as proper sanitation to prevent the spread of disease.

Ducks can be raised using a variety of methods, including free-range systems, indoor housing, or a combination of both. Duck meat and eggs are a popular source of protein in many cultures, and the feathers are often used in pillows, comforters, and other bedding products.

Duck farming business in Kenya can be very profitable. So you’ve decided to start a duck farm in Kenya?

Raising ducks is a lucrative business that doesn’t require a lot of capital to get started. But there are some important things to consider before jumping in.

In this article, I’ll discuss everything you need to know about getting started with your duck farm business in Kenya. We’ll go over the basics like what types of ducks to raise, what kind of housing options are available, and how to manage the day-to-day operations.

We’ll also talk about costs and profits so you have a better understanding of financial investments and potential returns. Finally, I’ll give you tips and tricks on how to market your duck farm and make a success out of it.

Also Read: How to Start a Rice Farm in Kenya

Step 1: Decide if the Business is right for you

Hone your idea

Growing ducks can be a fun, rewarding, and incredibly profitable experience when done right. But it’s important to start off with a clear understanding of the pros and cons of duck farming in Kenya.

To help you make this decision, let’s take a closer look at some industry trends.

The number of households keeping ducks in Kenya is growing steadily and the industry size is estimated to be worth over $150 million per year.

This growth is largely driven by consumer spending, as people are increasingly turning to duck products to fulfill their nutritional needs.

At the same time, there are several challenges that come with operating a duck farm business in Kenya due to increasing competition,

Fluctuating prices and costs related to feed, housing and other necessary resources.

It’s important that you take the time to evaluate the specific risks associated with setting up your own business before making any major decisions.

What kind of people work in a duck farm in Kenya?

People from various backgrounds work in duck farms in Kenya. Some farmers are experienced in animal husbandry, while others may be new to the field. Many duck farmers are smallholders who use duck farming as a supplemental source of income.

How much does it cost to start a duck farm in Kenya?

The cost of starting a duck farm in Kenya depends on the scale of the farm and the type of housing and equipment used. A small-scale farm may require an initial investment of around KES 20,000 to KES 50,000, while a larger-scale operation can cost upwards of KES 100,000.

Investment rangeKsh 100,000 to Ksh 500,000
Revenue potentialKsh 500,000 to Ksh 1,000,000 per annum
Time to build1-3 months for constructing the coop and acquiring ducks
Profit potentialKsh 300,000 to Ksh 800,000 per annum
Industry trendThe demand for duck products is on the rise in Kenya
CommitmentA full-time commitment is required for successful duck farming

How much can you earn from duck farming in Kenya?

The income from duck farming in Kenya varies depending on the size of the farm, the number of ducks kept, and the market demand for duck products. A small-scale farmer with around 50 ducks can earn around KES 10,000 per month, while a larger farm with up to 1,000 ducks can earn over KES 100,000 per month.

What barriers to entry are there?

One of the main barriers to entry for duck farming in Kenya is access to capital. Many farmers lack the funds needed to start or expand a farm. There are also challenges related to access to markets, as well as limited knowledge and training in duck farming techniques. Additionally, the high cost of feed and equipment can be a challenge for small-scale farmers.

What equipments do you need in a duck farm?

RequirementPrice (Ksh)
Ducklings300-500 each
Feeders500-1,500 each
Waterers500-1,500 each
Heat lamp/bulb500-1,000
Bedding materials (e.g. wood shavings, straw)500-1,500 per bag/bale
Pond or pool5,000-10,000
Nesting boxes500-1,000 each
Vaccines and medicationsVaries depending on type and quantity
Labor costsVaries depending on number of workers and wages

Please note that these prices are approximate and can vary depending on various factors such as location, quality, and brand. Additionally, this is not an exhaustive list and there may be other requirements specific to your individual farm’s needs.

Also Read: Mushroom farming in Kenya beginner’s guide

Step 2: Hone your idea

Decide if the Business is right for you

Once you’ve identified an opportunity to begin a duck farm business in Kenya, the next step is to hone the specifics of your idea. What sort of product or service will you be offering? How much should you charge per duck? Who is your target market?

These questions will help you develop a plan for your business and identify any resources you’ll need.

For example,

If you decide to start a duck hatchery, keywords like “incubators” and “hatching ducks” may come into play when researching how to best set up your process and where to purchase materials needed for the job.

If hosting live events or running an online store, more details such as pricing, staffing needs, marketing budgets, etc., also come into play.

Once these details are determined, the next step is finding the right location…

-i.e., identifying the premises where you will base your operations. This can be either online or offline -or both!- depending on what type of business model you choose to start.

Also Read: Beginner’s Guide to Poultry farming in Kenya

Step 3: Brainstorm a Business name

Brainstorm a Business name

The third step in setting up a duck farm business in Kenya is to brainstorm a business name. A good business name will make your farm stand out and increase the chances of your business being remembered by potential customers.

There are several ways to come up with creative business names, here are some tips to get you started:

Research Local Business Names

Do research on other local duck farms in your area and look at their business names for inspiration. Look for similarities between their names and what you intend to offer to your customers. This can help you come up with catchy, yet meaningful names that speak to the local market.

Use Country Specific Words

Tap into the local language or culture when coming up with a name for your farm. Choose words that are specific to Kenya, such as “Miti” which means forest in Swahili, or “Ngalawa” which means sailboat in Swahili. This can give potential customers an immediate understanding of the kind of service they can expect from your farm.

Use Your Experience

Think back on previous experiences you have had that could make interesting words or phrases when it comes to naming your duck farm business.

For example, if you previously owned a coffee shop but want to now focus on duck farming, consider using “Kofi Poultry Farm” as a play on words for both businesses.

Taking the time to brainstorm a memorable business name is important for setting yourself apart from other local competitors and creating strongbrand awareness in Kenya’s duck farming industry.

Step 4: Create a business Plan

Create a business Plan

Starting a business in Kenya—especially one related to food and agriculture—is no small feat, and you will need a business plan to help you navigate the process. Your plan should include details such as:

  • What type of duck farm will you have? (Will it be free range, organic, or commercial?)
  • What type of ducks will you raise?
  • How much money do you need to start your farm?
  • What are the costs associated with purchasing ducks and constructing the farm?
  • How much land do you need and where will it be located?
  • How will you market your products?
  • What is the expected return on investment (ROI)?

Once you have completed your business plan, find a reliable financial advisor in Kenya who can review it and help you with any financing needs. Additionally, reach out to other duck farmers for advice on how to successfully run a duck farm.

Step 5: Register your Business

Register your business

The fifth step in starting your own duck farm business in Kenya is to make sure you register your business. Depending on the type of business you’re looking to start, you’ll need to check whether you need to register with the local government or register with the Kenyan government. Getting this paperwork out of the way is always important and will make starting your business much easier.

To get started registering your business, there are a few key steps that you should follow:

  1. Research the different types of registration available, depending on the structure and size of your business.
  2. Apply for a Tax Identification Number (TIN) from the Kenya Revenue Authority.
  3. Get a business permit from the local municipality where you want to run your farm – make sure that all zoning regulations are followed for farming ducks in your area.
  4. Obtain a work permit if any employees will be hired and make sure to meet all necessary requirements for health and safety standards in Kenya.
  5. Register with professional organizations related to the duck industry, such as KADPO (Kenya Alliance for Duck Producers Organization).
  6. Finally, make sure that all paperwork is filed correctly and that all fees have been paid so that your duck farming business can get up and running as soon as possible.

Step 6: Register for taxes

The next step in getting your duck farm business started is all about the paperwork. You’ll need to register for taxes and obtain the necessary permits to operate.

First, register with your local county or municipal revenue office to obtain a business tax identification number. Then, you’ll need to make sure you’re paying any relevant income or excise taxes. Finally, make sure you check for any local regulations that would apply to your duck farm business in Kenya.

To get your ducks farming business up and running, here’s what you’ll need to do:

  1. Get a business tax ID number from your local county or municipal revenue office
  2. Determine how much income and/or excise tax you must pay
  3. Check any local regulations that apply to owning and operating a duck farm in Kenya
  4. Consult with an attorney or accountant if needed

Step 7: Fund your Business

The last step in starting a duck farm business in Kenya is to find the funding you need. The amount of money that you’ll need can vary depending on the size of your farm and the type of ducks you want to raise. For example, if you’re looking to raise Muscovy ducks on a small farm, you may only need a few thousand dollars to get started.


Luckily, there are several sources of funding available for those interested in starting a duck farming business in Kenya. These include:

  • Banks and other lending institutions: Banks and financial institutions can provide loans for projects such as duck farming businesses.
  • Grants and donations: Foundations and other organizations often provide grants for businesses with potential to benefit communities or make environmental improvements.
  • Crowdfunding: You can also use crowdfunding platforms such as GoFundMe or Kickstarter to raise money for your duck farming business.

No matter which source you choose, make sure that you have all the necessary information ready before applying for funding so that your application can be processed quickly and efficiently. Good luck!

Step 8: Apply for licences and permits

The next step to starting your duck farming business in Kenya is to apply for the right licenses and permits. This might sound daunting but it’s actually not too difficult.

You’ll need to obtain a business permit from the local county government, as well as an agricultural permit. You also need to start a business bank account and register your enterprise with the Kenya Revenue Authority. In addition, you’ll need licenses such as a veterinary practitioner license, a commercial poultry breeders license, an environmental management license or approvals from relevant government bodies for land use, water use or water abstraction.

It’s worth noting that you should contact your local county government and any relevant agencies before you start the process of obtaining licenses and permits. This will provide you with guidance and ensure that you have all the necessary documents before applying for these licenses and permits.

Step 9: Open a business Bank Account

Open a Business Bank Account

Once your paperwork is in order and you’re ready to start selling, the next step is to open a business bank account. This is a great way to separate your business expenses from your personal ones and give you better insight into how your business is performing.

When opening a business bank account, you should consider:

  1. Cost of Fees – Different banks can have different fees associated with their services. Compare the fees charged by different banks to choose the one that best meets your needs.
  2. Transaction Limits – Many banks have limits on the number of transactions you can make each day or month, so check with the bank to make sure their limits fit with how you plan to manage your finances.
  3. Available Services – Certain banks offer extra services like credit cards and payroll services that may be helpful for your duck farming business. If this type of service is important for you, ensure to select the best option for you when choosing your bank.
  4. Location of Branches – Make sure that any potential bank’s branches are conveniently located near where you conduct most of your business activities to make withdrawals and deposits easier if needed.

By taking all these factors into consideration when opening a business bank account, you’ll be in a great position to manage your finances efficiently and keep track of profits and losses as they occur in real-time.

Step 10: Get Business Insurance

The final step in getting your duck farm business off the ground is getting business insurance. Having this coverage will protect you and your business from the financial costs of property damage, a lawsuit, or other potential losses. Business insurance can provide coverage for things like liability, loss of goods, property damage, and more.

When looking for business insurance, it’s important to ask the right questions and do research to be sure that you’re getting the right coverage at the best price. Here are some questions you should ask as part of your research:

  • What type of coverage do I need?
  • What are the exclusions?
  • Who is covered under my policy?
  • Will my policy protect against product or service failures?

Take your time and shop around before selecting a policy to make sure that you are completely covered with the best protection for your new duck farm business.

Step 11: Prepare to lauch

Now that you have all the pieces in place, it’s time to launch your duck farm business in Kenya. At this stage, you need to be focusing on the specifics of running your business, such as securing buyers, marketing your farm and making sure that everything is running smoothly.

Here are some things to consider when getting ready to launch:

  1. Secure buyers for your farm: You need to identify potential buyers for your duck meat before launching the business. This will help you determine the amount of ducks you should breed and how much profit you can expect from each sale.
  2. Market your farm: To maximize profits, you need to make sure that people know about your duck farm business in Kenya. Consider using social media and other digital tools to spread the word about what you’re offering and how it’s different from other farms.
  3. Prepare a budget: Before opening up shop, make sure that you prepare a realistic budget that accounts for all of the costs associated with running a duck farm business in Kenya, such as feed costs and labor expenses. This will help you make sure that you’re not overspending on unnecessary expenses or undervaluing your products.
  4. Establish relationships with suppliers: Having strong relationships with suppliers is essential for any business – especially one involving animals – so make sure that establish connections with reliable vendors who can provide quality feed and other products on time, every time.

By taking all these steps prior to launching, you can be more confident in setting up a successful duck farming business in Kenya – one that will stand out among competitors and set itself up for success.

Step 12: Build your team

Build a team

The last step towards starting your duck farm business in Kenya is to build a team. You need people with the skills and knowledge to help you manage and run the farm. First, you’ll need to hire staff who can handle everything from feeding and watering the ducks, cleaning the coops and pens, culling the males, and making sure all the ducks stay healthy.

You’ll also need someone with experience in marketing and selling your products. It’s important to have someone with sales experience as they can help you get your ducks out there, allowing you to create more revenue streams.

Thirdly, it’s a good idea to hire an accountant or bookkeeper to take care of your finances. This will help keep your business running efficiently and ensure that all transactions are properly accounted for. It’s also important that someone takes charge of payrolls so everyone gets paid on time each month.

Last but not least, consider hiring a veterinarian who knows about raising ducks—this will come in handy should any medical issues arise down the road. With the right team in place, there’s no doubt that you’ll have success starting your duck farm business in Kenya.

Step 13: Start making money

You’re almost there! After you’ve taken all the necessary steps to get your duck farm business up and running, it’s time to start making money and fulfilling your dreams. To do this, you have to market your enterprise to potential customers and make sure they know what you offer, how they can contact you, and what kind of products and services they can buy from you.

This process requires developing a solid business plan, budgeting for advertising and promotion, creating a website and other marketing materials, making sure your ducks are healthy during production, and managing the accounting side of things. But when done right, it will pay off as customers start visiting your duck farm business.

From there it’s all about finding ways to stand out in the market. Many people are now turning to duck farms in Kenya as an alternative source of food than traditional farm animals, so it’s important that you meet all the necessary requirements set by the government authorities. You can also look into organic certification for your duck farm business since organic produce is very popular among customers these days – this could be a great way to differentiate yourself from other local vendors.

Finally, make sure that you provide quality products at competitive prices with outstanding customer service in order to keep those customers coming back again and again. With these steps in mind, you’ll be well on your way to becoming a successful entrepreneur!


Investing in a duck farm business in Kenya may just be the perfect business opportunity for those with the right resources. It requires relatively little capital to start, has consistent demand, and can be a source of long-term sustainable income.

With the right guidance and management, duck farming in Kenya can be a lucrative and rewarding experience. With research, you can make sure you’re taking the right steps to ensure the success of your duck farm business. You can learn the best practices and develop specialized strategies to make the most of your business.

Whether you’re an experienced farmer or a novice entrepreneur, you can make your dream of running a duck farm in Kenya a reality. With the right resources and dedication you can turn your dreams into a profitable business.