Garlic Farming in Kenya: Beginner’s Guide

ByElijah Ludenyi

Jan 11, 2023
Garlic farming in kenya

Last updated on March 2nd, 2024 at 06:02 pm

You have decided to go into garlic farming in Kenya.

In this article, we will discuss the benefits of garlic farming in Kenya, the market demand size for garlic, how to grow and care for garlic, the different varieties of garlic to grow, and the suitable climate conditions and locations to farm garlic. We will also discuss the market price for garlic and the problems and solutions of garlic farming in Kenya.

Overview of Garlic Farming in Kenya

Garlic farming in Kenya can be a profitable venture. It is a crop that enjoys a good market both locally and internationally.

The benefits of farming garlic in Kenya are many. This crop is easy to grow, care for and harvest. There are different varieties of garlic that can be grown depending on the climate and location of the farm. The market demand for garlic is high and the price is good. However, there are some problems that farmers face with this crop which need to be solved for the sector to grow.

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Benefits of Garlic Farming in Kenya

When you are looking to grow a crop that is both profitable and enjoyable, garlic should be high on your list. Garlic is a crop that is very easy to grow and has a number of benefits that make it an excellent choice for Kenyan farmers.

Some of the benefits of growing garlic in Kenya include:

•Garlic is a profitable crop. The price of garlic on the market is stable, and it commands a high price compared to other crops.

•Garlic is easy to grow. It does well in most climates and soil types, making it a good choice for Kenyan farmers.

•Garlic is a versatile crop. It can be used in a variety of dishes, making it popular with consumers.

•Garlic has health benefits. It is known to help lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels, among other things.

These are just some of the reasons why garlic should be grown in Kenya. When you add in the fact that it is a profitable crop with a stable market price, there is no doubt that garlic should be at the top of your list.

Market Demand Size for Garlic in Kenya

Kenya’s garlic market is currently experiencing a steady increase in demand. This is because of its many benefits which have been discovered by many. The market size for garlic is currently above KES 400 million and is estimated to grow at a rate of 10% every year. This provides a great opportunity for those who want to invest in this crop.

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How to Grow, Care, and Harvest Garlic

Growing garlic is easy and takes minimal effort. Garlic can be grown on any well-drained soil, but the soil should be high in organic matter and slightly acidic (pH 5.5 – 6.5). Garlic requires a lot of sunlight, so make sure to choose a sunny spot with at least 8 hours of direct sun daily.

When planting, separate garlic bulbs into individual cloves and plant these 2-3 inches apart and barely covered with soil. Water regularly to keep the soil moist but not soggy, and mulch around the plants with straw or grass clippings to retain moisture and reduce weeds.

When it’s time to harvest garlic, look for yellowing of the leaves or bulbs poking out of the soil as signs it’s ready. You can also take samples to test for bulb maturity before harvesting the entire crop. Finally, carefully dig up your garlic heads and lay them in a cool dry place for several days until they’re dry enough for storage.

Different Varieties of Garlic to Grow

When it comes to Garlic farming in Kenya, there are several varieties that you can consider growing. The most common varieties are Elephant Garlic, Russian Red Garlic, Music Garlic and Italian Purple. Each variety of Garlic has its own unique characteristics and benefits.

Elephant Garlic is a mild flavored garlic with large cloves making it an excellent choice for roasting or baking whole. Russian Red Garlic is a unique variety with a spicier flavor and smaller cloves that make it perfect to add to salads and other dishes without the overpowering taste of other garlics. Music Garlic has a mild flavor that works well for pickling and canning recipes. Finally, Italian Purple is a robust flavored variety that adds a punch of flavor to any dish.

Ultimately, the best variety for you will depend on your local climate conditions as well as what kind of dishes you plan to make with the garlic. Take your time when choosing the best variety for you and don’t forget to research proper planting, care and harvesting instructions for growing the particular garlic variety you choose.

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Suitable Location and Climate Conditions for Garlic Farming

The next thing to consider when it comes to garlic farming in Kenya is the location and climate conditions. Garlic is a crop that thrives well in areas with both warm and cool climates. However, the ideal temperatures for garlic farming in Kenya are between 18-20 degrees Celsius, with an altitude of less than 1500 meters. The soil should also be well-draining, fertile soils with good organic matter content.

When it comes to the rainy season, garlic needs plenty of water but not too much. It’s best to plant your garlic during the dry season because it needs a period of dormancy before harvesting. The right amount of rainfall will help keep your soil moist and provide just enough moisture for your plants to grow strong and healthy.

Finally, make sure the area you choose is free from any pests or diseases that can damage the crop and limit your harvest yield. With all these conditions taken into account, you can easily find a suitable spot for your garlic farm!

So if you are looking for a crop that is profitable, has a good market, does well in the tropics and does not require a lot of investment, then garlic farming is a good option for you. With a bit of hard work and the right information, you can be on your way to successful garlic farming.

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